1Thompson L, Hill M, Davies C, Shaw G, Kiernan MD. Identifying pre-hospital factors associated with outcome for major trauma patients in a regional trauma network: an exploratory study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2017;25(1):83.
2 Fitzharris M, Stevenson M, Middleton P, Sinclair G. Adherence with the pre-hospital triage protocol in the transport of injured patients in an urban setting. Injury. 2012;43(9):1368-76.
3 Wong TH, Lumsdaine W, Hardy BM, Lee K, Balogh ZJ. The impact of specialist trauma service on major trauma mortality. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2013;74(3).
4 Victorian State Trauma Outcomes Registry and Monitoring Group (VSTORM). Victorian State Trauma Registry Annual Report 2020–2021. Melbourne, Australia, 2022 [Available from:
5 Bonafide CP, Brady PW, Keren R, Conway PH, Marsolo K, Daymont C. Development of heart and respiratory rate percentile curves for hospitalized children. Pediatrics. 2013;131(4):e1150-7.
6 Victoria State Trauma Registry. Victorian State Trauma Registry Special Focus Report. Review of the Case Review Group Indicators – Addendum to Report. 2014.
7 Ambulance Victoria. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Ambulance and MICA Paramedics. Ambulance Victoria. Doncaster, Victoria. 2022.

8 Pham H, Puckett Y, Dissanaike S. Faster on-scene times associated with decreased mortality in Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) transported trauma patients. Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open. 2017;2(1):e000122.
9 Ruelas OS, Tschautscher CF, Lohse CM, Sztajnkrycer MD. Analysis of Prehospital Scene Times and Interventions on Mortality Outcomes in a National Cohort of Penetrating and Blunt Trauma Patients. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018;22(6):691-7.